Anti-Ro60 and anti-Ro52/TRIM21: Two distinct autoantibodies in systemic autoimmune diseases

Anti-Ro60 and anti-Ro52/TRIM21: Two distinct autoantibodies in systemic autoimmune diseases

As iconic and necessary diagnostic autoantibodies, anti-Ro60 and anti-Ro52/tri-partite motif-containing 21 (TRIM21) make a typical look in a lot of systemic autoimmune problems equivalent to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). These autoantibodies usually co-exist collectively; but regardless of their shut relationship, there isn’t a proof that they’re bodily linked and possibly replicate a convergence of separate processes of failed immunological tolerance.
Confusingly, they’re typically classed collectively because the “SSA” or “Ro” autoantibody system with out clear distinction between the 2. On this Brief Communication, we focus on the diagnostic deserves for separate detection and reporting of those two autoantibodies, and focus on avenues for future analysis. Certainly, additional perception into their fascinating origins and pathogenic roles in autoimmunity will certainly make clear how we are able to stop and deal with devastating autoimmune problems.

Nanogel-facilitated Protein Intracellular Particular Degradation via Trim-Away

Lately found “Trim-Away” mechanism opens a brand new window for quick and selective degradation of endogenous proteins. Nevertheless, the in vivo and scientific software of this strategy is caught by the requirement of particular expertise and tools wanted for the intracellular supply of antibodies. Hereby, an antibody conjugated polymer nanogel system, Nano-ERASER, for intracellular supply and launch of antibody, and degradation of a selected endogenous protein has been developed.
After being delivered into cells, the antibody is launched and varieties advanced with its goal protein, and subsequently binds to the Fc receptor of TRIM21. The resulted advanced of goal protein/antibody/TRIM21 is then degraded by the proteasome. The efficacy of Nano-ERASER has been validated by depleting GFP protein in a GFP expressing cell line.
Moreover, Nano-ERASER efficiently degrades COPZ1, an important protein for most cancers cells, and kills these cells whereas sparing regular cells. Profit from its comfort and focused supply advantage, Nano-ERASER approach is promising in offering a dependable software for endogenous protein perform research in addition to paves the way in which for novel antibody-based Trim-Away therapeutic modalities for most cancers and different ailments.

A useful assay for serum detection of antibodies towards SARS-CoV-2 nucleoprotein

The humoral immune response to SARS-CoV-2 ends in antibodies towards spike (S) and nucleoprotein (N). Nevertheless, while there are broadly accessible neutralization assays for S antibodies, there isn’t a assay for N-antibody exercise. Right here, we current a easy in vitro methodology known as EDNA (electroporated-antibody-dependent neutralization assay) that gives a quantitative measure of N-antibody exercise in unpurified serum from SARS-CoV-2 convalescents.
We present that N antibodies neutralize SARS-CoV-2 intracellularly and cell-autonomously however require the cytosolic Fc receptor TRIM21. Utilizing EDNA, we present that low N-antibody titres might be neutralizing, while some convalescents possess serum with excessive titres however weak exercise. N-antibody and N-specific T-cell exercise correlates inside people, suggesting N antibodies could shield towards SARS-CoV-2 by selling antigen presentation. This work highlights the potential advantages of N-based vaccines and gives an in vitro assay to permit the antibodies they induce to be examined.

Sequential ubiquitination and deubiquitination enzymes synchronize the twin sensor and effector features of TRIM21.

Tripartite motif (TRIM) 21 is a cytosolic antibody receptor that neutralizes antibody-coated viruses that penetrate the cell and concurrently prompts innate immunity. Right here we present that the conjugation of TRIM21 with Ok63-linked ubiquitin (Ub-(63)Ub) catalyzed by the sequential exercise of nonredundant E2 Ub enzymes is required for its twin antiviral features. TRIM21 is first labeled with monoubiquitin (monoUb) by the E2 Ube2W.
The monoUb is a substrate for the heterodimeric E2 Ube2N/Ube2V2, leading to TRIM21-anchored Ub-(63)Ub. Depletion of both E2 abolishes Ub-(63)Ub and Ub-(48)Ub conjugation of TRIM21, NF-κB signaling, and virus neutralization.
The formation of TRIM21-Ub-(63)Ub precedes proteasome recruitment, and we establish an important position for the 19S-resident and degradation-coupled deubiquitinase Poh1 in TRIM21 neutralization, signaling, and cytokine induction. This research elucidates a posh mechanism of step-wise ubiquitination and deubiquitination actions that enables contemporaneous innate immune signaling and neutralization by TRIM21.

Translocalized IgA mediates neutralization and stimulates innate immunity inside contaminated cells.

IgA is essentially the most prevalent antibody sort on mucosal surfaces and the second most prevalent antibody in circulation, but its position in immune protection will not be totally understood. Right here we present that IgA is carried inside cells throughout virus an infection, the place it prompts intracellular virus neutralization and innate immune signaling.
Cytosolic IgA-virion complexes colocalize with the high-affinity antibody receptor tripartite motif-containing protein 21 (TRIM21) and are constructive for lysine-48 ubiquitin chains. IgA neutralizes adenovirus an infection in a TRIM21– and proteasome-dependent method in each human and mouse cells.
Translocated IgA additionally potently prompts NF-κB signaling pathways in cells expressing TRIM21, whereas viral an infection within the absence oantibody or TRIM21 is undetected. TRIM21 acknowledges an epitope in IgG Fc that’s not conserved in IgA; nonetheless, fluorescence anisotropy experiments display that direct binding to IgA is maintained.
We use molecular modeling to indicate that TRIM21 varieties a nonspecific hydrophobic seal round a β-loop construction that’s current in IgG, IgM, and IgA, explaining how TRIM21 achieves such exceptional broad antibody specificity. The findings display that the antiviral safety afforded by IgA extends to the intracellular cytosolic atmosphere.
TRIM21 (‘tripartite motif-containing protein 21’, Ro52) is a ubiquitously expressed cytosolic Fc receptor, which has a potent position in protecting immunity towards nonenveloped viruses. TRIM21 mediates intracellular neutralisation of antibody-coated viruses, a course of known as ADIN (antibody-dependent intracellular neutralisation).
Our outcomes reveal an identical mechanism to combat bacterial infections. TRIM21 is recruited to the intracellular pathogen Salmonella enterica in epithelial cells early in an infection. TRIM21 doesn’t bind on to S. enterica, however to antibodies opsonising it. Most significantly, bacterial restriction relies on TRIM21 in addition to on the opsonisation state of the micro organism.
Lastly, Salmonella and TRIM21 colocalise with the autophagosomal marker LC3, and intracellular defence is enhanced in starved cells suggesting an involvement of the autophagocytic pathway. Our information prolong the protecting position of TRIM21 from viruses to micro organism and thereby strengthening the overall position of ADIN in mobile immunity.

Intracellular antibody immunity.

Antibodies enable the immune system to focus on pathogens regardless of their large range and speedy evolution. As soon as sure to a pathogen, antibodies induce a broad vary of effector mechanisms, together with phagocytosis and complement. Nevertheless, these mechanisms are all initiated within the extracellular house, which means that pathogens like viruses evade them upon an infection of their goal cells. Lately, it has been proven that, along with mediating extracellular immune responses, antibodies additionally activate immunity inside contaminated cells.

TRIM21 Antibody

DF6717 200ul
EUR 304
Description: TRIM21 Antibody detects endogenous levels of total TRIM21.

TRIM21 Antibody

1-CSB-PA548244
  • EUR 317.00
  • EUR 244.00
  • 100ul
  • 50ul
  • Form: Liquid
  • Buffer: -20°C, pH7.4 PBS, 0.05% NaN3, 40% Glycerol Antigen affinity purification
Description: A polyclonal antibody against TRIM21. Recognizes TRIM21 from Human. This antibody is Unconjugated. Tested in the following application: ELISA, WB;ELISA:1:2000-1:10000, WB:1:1000-1:5000

TRIM21 Antibody

1-CSB-PA173569
  • EUR 317.00
  • EUR 244.00
  • 100ul
  • 50ul
  • Form: Liquid
  • Buffer: -20°C, pH7.4 PBS, 0.05% NaN3, 40% Glycerol Antigen affinity purification
Description: A polyclonal antibody against TRIM21. Recognizes TRIM21 from Human. This antibody is Unconjugated. Tested in the following application: ELISA, IHC;ELISA:1:2000-1:5000, IHC:1:25-1:100

TRIM21 Antibody

1-CSB-PA024457GA01HU
  • EUR 597.00
  • EUR 333.00
  • 150ul
  • 50ul
  • Form: Liquid
  • Buffer: PBS with 0.1% Sodium Azide, 50% Glycerol, pH 7.3. -20℃, Avoid freeze / thaw cycles. Antigen Affinity Purified
Description: A polyclonal antibody against TRIM21. Recognizes TRIM21 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This antibody is Unconjugated. Tested in the following application: ELISA, WB, IHC

TRIM21 Antibody

1-CSB-PA024457LA01HU
  • EUR 317.00
  • EUR 335.00
  • 100ug
  • 50ug
  • Form: Liquid
  • Buffer: Preservative: 0.03% Proclin 300
    Constituents: 50% Glycerol, 0.01M PBS, pH 7.4 >95%, Protein G purified
Description: A polyclonal antibody against TRIM21. Recognizes TRIM21 from Human. This antibody is Unconjugated. Tested in the following application: ELISA, WB, IHC; Recommended dilution: WB:1:500-1:5000, IHC:1:20-1:200

TRIM21 Antibody

ABD6717 100 ug
EUR 438

TRIM21 Conjugated Antibody

C32520 100ul
EUR 397

Polyclonal TRIM21 Antibody

APR06872G 0.1 mg
EUR 659
Description: A polyclonal antibody raised in Rabbit that recognizes and binds to Human TRIM21 . This antibody is tested and proven to work in the following applications:

Trim21 Polyclonal Antibody

A50985 100 µg
EUR 570.55
Description: reagents widely cited

anti- TRIM21 antibody

FNab08972 100µg
EUR 548.75
  • Recommended dilution: WB: 1:500 - 1:2000
  • IHC: 1:50 - 1:200
  • IF: 1:50 - 1:200
  • Immunogen: tripartite motif-containing 21
  • Uniprot ID: P19474
  • Gene ID: 6737
  • Research Area: Epigenetics, Metabolism
Description: Antibody raised against TRIM21

Anti-TRIM21 antibody

PAab08972 100 ug
EUR 386

Anti-TRIM21 antibody

STJ11100000 100 µl
EUR 413
Description: This gene encodes a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family. The TRIM motif includes three zinc-binding domains, a RING, a B-box type 1 and a B-box type 2, and a coiled-coil region. The encoded protein is part of the RoSSA ribonucleoprotein, which includes a single polypeptide and one of four small RNA molecules. The RoSSA particle localizes to both the cytoplasm and the nucleus. RoSSA interacts with autoantigens in patients with Sjogren syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus. Alternatively spliced transcript variants for this gene have been described but the full-length nature of only one has been determined.

Anti-TRIM21 antibody

STJ25964 100 µl
EUR 277
Description: This gene encodes a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family. The TRIM motif includes three zinc-binding domains, a RING, a B-box type 1 and a B-box type 2, and a coiled-coil region. The encoded protein is part of the RoSSA ribonucleoprotein, which includes a single polypeptide and one of four small RNA molecules. The RoSSA particle localizes to both the cytoplasm and the nucleus. RoSSA interacts with autoantigens in patients with Sjogren syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus. Alternatively spliced transcript variants for this gene have been described but the full-length nature of only one has been determined.

Anti-TRIM21 antibody

STJ115508 100 µl
EUR 277
Description: This gene encodes a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family. The TRIM motif includes three zinc-binding domains, a RING, a B-box type 1 and a B-box type 2, and a coiled-coil region. The encoded protein is part of the RoSSA ribonucleoprotein, which includes a single polypeptide and one of four small RNA molecules. The RoSSA particle localizes to both the cytoplasm and the nucleus. RoSSA interacts with autoantigens in patients with Sjogren syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus. Alternatively spliced transcript variants for this gene have been described but the full-length nature of only one has been determined.

TRIM21 siRNA

20-abx938023
  • EUR 551.00
  • EUR 732.00
  • 15 nmol
  • 30 nmol
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.

Trim21 Antibody, HRP conjugated

1-CSB-PA733816LB01MO
  • EUR 317.00
  • EUR 335.00
  • 100ug
  • 50ug
  • Form: Liquid
  • Buffer: Preservative: 0.03% Proclin 300
    Constituents: 50% Glycerol, 0.01M PBS, PH 7.4 >95%, Protein G purified
Description: A polyclonal antibody against Trim21. Recognizes Trim21 from Mouse. This antibody is HRP conjugated. Tested in the following application: ELISA

Trim21 Antibody, FITC conjugated

1-CSB-PA733816LC01MO
  • EUR 317.00
  • EUR 335.00
  • 100ug
  • 50ug
  • Form: Liquid
  • Buffer: Preservative: 0.03% Proclin 300
    Constituents: 50% Glycerol, 0.01M PBS, PH 7.4 >95%, Protein G purified
Description: A polyclonal antibody against Trim21. Recognizes Trim21 from Mouse. This antibody is FITC conjugated. Tested in the following application: ELISA

Trim21 Antibody, Biotin conjugated

1-CSB-PA733816LD01MO
  • EUR 317.00
  • EUR 335.00
  • 100ug
  • 50ug
  • Form: Liquid
  • Buffer: Preservative: 0.03% Proclin 300
    Constituents: 50% Glycerol, 0.01M PBS, PH 7.4 >95%, Protein G purified
Description: A polyclonal antibody against Trim21. Recognizes Trim21 from Mouse. This antibody is Biotin conjugated. Tested in the following application: ELISA

TRIM21 Polyclonal Conjugated Antibody

C30264 100ul
EUR 397

TRIM21 Antibody, HRP conjugated

1-CSB-PA024457LB01HU
  • EUR 317.00
  • EUR 335.00
  • 100ug
  • 50ug
  • Form: Liquid
  • Buffer: Preservative: 0.03% Proclin 300
    Constituents: 50% Glycerol, 0.01M PBS, pH 7.4 >95%, Protein G purified
Description: A polyclonal antibody against TRIM21. Recognizes TRIM21 from Human. This antibody is HRP conjugated. Tested in the following application: ELISA

TRIM21 Antibody, FITC conjugated

1-CSB-PA024457LC01HU
  • EUR 317.00
  • EUR 335.00
  • 100ug
  • 50ug
  • Form: Liquid
  • Buffer: Preservative: 0.03% Proclin 300
    Constituents: 50% Glycerol, 0.01M PBS, pH 7.4 >95%, Protein G purified
Description: A polyclonal antibody against TRIM21. Recognizes TRIM21 from Human. This antibody is FITC conjugated. Tested in the following application: ELISA

TRIM21 Antibody, Biotin conjugated

1-CSB-PA024457LD01HU
  • EUR 317.00
  • EUR 335.00
  • 100ug
  • 50ug
  • Form: Liquid
  • Buffer: Preservative: 0.03% Proclin 300
    Constituents: 50% Glycerol, 0.01M PBS, pH 7.4 >95%, Protein G purified
Description: A polyclonal antibody against TRIM21. Recognizes TRIM21 from Human. This antibody is Biotin conjugated. Tested in the following application: ELISA

Human E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase TRIM21 (TRIM21)

1-CSB-EP024457HU
  • EUR 380.00
  • EUR 214.00
  • EUR 1309.00
  • EUR 560.00
  • EUR 873.00
  • EUR 262.00
  • 100ug
  • 10ug
  • 1MG
  • 200ug
  • 500ug
  • 50ug
  • MW: 58.2 kDa
  • Buffer composition: Tris-based buffer with 50% glycerol.
Description: Recombinant Human E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase TRIM21(TRIM21) expressed in E.coli

Mouse E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase TRIM21 (Trim21)

1-CSB-EP733816MO
  • EUR 505.00
  • EUR 265.00
  • EUR 1827.00
  • EUR 766.00
  • EUR 1218.00
  • EUR 335.00
  • 100ug
  • 10ug
  • 1MG
  • 200ug
  • 500ug
  • 50ug
  • MW: 70.2 kDa
  • Buffer composition: Tris-based buffer with 50% glycerol.
Description: Recombinant Mouse E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase TRIM21(Trim21) expressed in E.coli

Human E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase TRIM21 (TRIM21)

1-CSB-YP024457HU
  • EUR 430.00
  • EUR 234.00
  • EUR 1508.00
  • EUR 642.00
  • EUR 1009.00
  • EUR 291.00
  • 100ug
  • 10ug
  • 1MG
  • 200ug
  • 500ug
  • 50ug
  • MW: 56.2 kDa
  • Buffer composition: Tris-based buffer with 50% glycerol.
Description: Recombinant Human E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase TRIM21(TRIM21) expressed in Yeast

TRIM21 Rabbit pAb

A13547-100ul 100 ul
EUR 308

TRIM21 Rabbit pAb

A13547-200ul 200 ul
EUR 459

TRIM21 Rabbit pAb

A13547-20ul 20 ul
EUR 183

TRIM21 Rabbit pAb

A13547-50ul 50 ul
EUR 223

TRIM21 Blocking Peptide

DF6717-BP 1mg
EUR 195

TRIM21 cloning plasmid

CSB-CL024457HU-10ug 10ug
EUR 233
  • Formulation: 10 μg plasmid + 200μl Glycerol
  • Length: 1428
  • Sequence: atggcttcagcagcacgcttgacaatgatgtgggaggaggtcacatgccctatctgcctggaccccttcgtggagcctgtgagcatcgagtgtggccacagcttctgccaggaatgcatctctcaggttgggaaaggtgggggcagcgtctgtcctgtgtgccggcagcgctttc
  • Show more
Description: A cloning plasmid for the TRIM21 gene.

TRIM21 Rabbit pAb

A1957-100ul 100 ul
EUR 308

TRIM21 Rabbit pAb

A1957-200ul 200 ul
EUR 459

TRIM21 Rabbit pAb

A1957-20ul 20 ul
EUR 183

TRIM21 Rabbit pAb

A1957-50ul 50 ul
EUR 223

pCAGGS-HA-TRIM21

PVT12440 2 ug
EUR 703

pCMV-SPORT6-TRIM21

PVT13131 2 ug
EUR 391

[KO Validated] TRIM21 Polyclonal Antibody

30264-100ul 100ul
EUR 252
Antibodies which are sure to the floor of non-enveloped viruses or micro organism are carried into the cell throughout pathogen entry. As soon as contained in the cell, these pathogen-attached antibodies are recognised by a extremely conserved, excessive affinity cytosolic antibody receptor known as TRIM21. TRIM21 initiates each sensor and effector responses that scale back viral replication and induce an antiviral state. These responses are an necessary a part of antiviral immunity and the elimination of TRIM21 ends in uncontrolled viraemia and demise in a mouse mannequin of an infection.

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